Figuring out your skin type can be confusing, especially if you don’t know what you’re looking for. There are different skin types, ranging from normal to oily to dry, and then sub-categories within those three basic categories that describe whether your skin tends to be more on the sensitive side or more on the oily side, etc. Figuring out your skin type can help you figure out which products will work best for you. This guide will show you how to figure out your skin type.
1) Dry skin scientific term: xerosis
Your skin is very dry, and it tends to flake or crack. This happens due to a lack of fluid in your skin. This can happen when there is a disruption in the skins stratum corneum layer causing water to evaporate out of your skin too quickly. Skin can become rougher and thick.
Pros: Minimal acne and blackheads! You can use more layered skincare easily.
Cons: Flakiness that can make wearing makeup hard!
The good news is there are ways to help improve and maintain your dry skin:
Apply a moisturizer after you cleanse your face. Look for products that say they are specifically for dry skin. Look for hyaluronic acid in these products—it’s another moisture-holding ingredient that will help your skin retain moisture, so it doesn’t get dehydrated again soon after you wash it off.
People with combination skin have a mix of dry and oily areas. Oily spots include: forehead, nose, chin and above your upper lip. Dry areas include: cheeks, under eyes, along jawline and on ears.
Pros: Suitable to most skincare products and can use a larger array without irritation.
Cons: May need different products for different areas of your face-2 moisturisers!
If you have combination skin, using a daily moisturiser with enzymes or acids can help reduce excess oil on your face as well as improve oil production later in life. Additionally use a richer moisturiser for dry areas to keep them hydrated!
3) Oily skin scientific term: seborrhoea
If you’re prone to zits, shine, or even greasy skin that feels unclean when you wake up in the morning, then it’s likely you have oily skin. While there are varying degrees of oily skin, it’s generally caused by excess oil production within your sebaceous glands.
Pros: Skin is usually naturally hydrated leading to less wrinkles!
Cons: More likely to suffer breakouts and difficult to find the right products to suit your skin.
Excess sebum can lead to acne and clogged pores, so be sure to use a gentle cleanser every morning and night for best results.
Sensitive skin tends to be dry, red, itchy and prone to flare-ups. People with sensitive skin should use gentle cleansers that are free from chemicals or perfumes. Everyone has different triggers so its important to make sure you spot test any new products. Sensitive skin may also need an exfoliator to rid itself of dead cells. But make sure you choose one that is gentle enough not to irritate your skin even more.
Want to know more about your skin type? Take our free skincare quiz and find out about what your skin type means and the best products to help keep your skin in the best condition.
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